Moscow University

Associations between morphological and psychological status in a sample of mature and elderly women in Belgorod

Bakholdina V.Yu., Koshchavka S.V.

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of biology, Department of Anthropology, Leninskie gory, 1(12), Moscow, 119234, Russia

Bakholdina Varvara Yu., D.Sc.; ORCID ID 0000-0002-3320-1445;; Koshchavka Slaviana V., ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3047-2589,


Introduction. The study was carried within the framework of the concept of psychosomatic relationships as a possible indicator of the influence a number of factors on different social and age groups. In our previous studies we showed the social and age specificity of the level and vector of psychosomatic relationships. This study examines the same problem in females of the older age cohort. Materials and methods. 50 women of the city of Belgorod, belonging to the age of second maturity and to the elderly age, took part in the study. An anthropometric investigation and evaluation of some psychological indicators were conducted. We used two tests – the A. Muddy test of hardiness in the adaptation of D.A. Leontiev and the self-esteem scale of T. Dembo and S.Ya. Rubinstein. Participants were also asked to evaluate their subjective age. Statistical methods, including correlation and factor analysis, were performed in the Statistica 10 software package. Results and discussion. Increased fat deposition in the studied women group was associated with a tendency of decreasing in the indicators of hardiness and of self-esteem of appearance. Greater bone and muscle mass, on the contrary, was associated with increased indicators of hardiness and of self-esteem of health and well-being. Other separate self-esteems are positively associated with the fat deposition level, indicating a generally positive spirit of older women despite a possible critical attitude to their own appearance. A lower subjective age is inherent to more graceful women with a slight increase in fat deposition. Conclusion. Increased fat deposition and respective anthropometric indices can act as predictors of not only physiological, but also psychological problems, leading to a decrease in hardiness as the ability to withstand life difficulties and adapt to them. However, other psychosomatic connections indicate a positive self-perception of women, independent of their morphological status.


hardiness; self-esteem; subjective age; psychosomatic relationships; factor analysis

DOI: 10.32521/2074-8132.2021.1.054-065

Цит.: Bakholdina V.Yu., Koshchavka S.V. Associations between morphological and psychological status in a sample of mature and elderly women in Belgorod // Moscow University Anthropology Bulletin (Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seria XXIII. Antropologia), 2021; 1/2021; с. 54-65

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