Moscow University

Comparative assessment of physical development among adolescent Caucasian girls of Magadan region

Karandasheva V.O., Grechkina L.I.

Scientific Research Center «Arktika», Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SRC «Arktika» FЕВ RAS), Karl Marx st. 24, Magadan, 685000, Russia

Karandasheva, Victoria O., ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5367-6600;; Grechkina, Lyudmila I., PhD; ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9293-9722;


Introduction. Recently the Caucasian residents, all newcomers, have been forming a stable population in the North-East of Russia, which makes it possible to monitor characteristics of physical development of north born children and adolescents permanently residing in the region. Materials and methods. We examined 899 schoolgirls: of them 422 were born in the 1st generation and 477 – in the 2nd generation. General methods were used to measure basic anthropometric parameters for each schoolgirl: body length (BL, cm), body mass (BM, kg), chest circumference (CC, cm, in pause), and hand muscle strength (kg) [Bunak, 1941]. Individual levels of physical development were assessed with regional centile tables after R.N. Dorokhov. Results. We can observe that the maximum annual growth in BL, BM and CC for the 1st generation examinees occurs at the age of 11-12, and at 12-13 for the girls of the 2nd generation. The analysis of physical development for somatotype and harmony of physique showed a mesosomatotype that prevailed in the age period of 11-17, with harmonious development in both 1st and 2nd generation subjects. However, each age group was highly variable in these characteristics. Regarding microsomatotype girls, the highest proportion could be seen at the age of 12 (31%) and 16-17 (36,8% and 33%) with representatives of the 1st generation, and at 11-12 (30,6% and 30,7%) and 17 (29,8%) with those of the 2nd generation. Among the 1st generation examinees, the proportion of macrosomatotype subjects was higher through all the observed 12-17-year-old groups. At the final stage of puberty at the age of 16-17, schoolgirls demonstrated the greatest variability in somatotype and the highest indicator for disharmony in development. Conclusion. The high variability of the main somatometric indicators, age-related characteristics of growth rates as well as formation of somatotypes and harmony of physical development in each generation may indicate the adaptive responses by the growing body of children to environmental factors in the process of development of a new human population in the North-East of Russia.


adolescent girls; generations; physical development; anthropometric indicators; somatotype; North-East of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.32521/2074-8132.2021.1.019-031

Цит.: Karandasheva V.O., Grechkina L.I. Comparative assessment of physical development among adolescent Caucasian girls of Magadan region // Moscow University Anthropology Bulletin (Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seria XXIII. Antropologia), 2021; 1/2021; с. 19-31

Download text
Свидетельство о регистрации ПИ № ФС77-35672 от 19 марта 2009 г.
Website developer