1) Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Biology, Department of General Ecology, Leninskie Mount Street, 1, p. 12, Moscow, 119234, Russia; 2) Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Leninskie Mount Street, 1, Moscow, 119234, Russia
Budilova Elena V., PhD, D.Sci., Senior Scientist; ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0769-4570; email@example.com; Lagutin Michail B., assistant; ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3778-4497; firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction. Socially significant diseases (cancer; mental and behavioural disorders; alcoholism and alcohol psychoses; narcomania; toxicomania; syphilis) and factors affecting their distribution are considered. Materials and methods. The study is based on analysis of Rosstat data on 84 subjects of the Russian Federation for 2014–2016. The incidence rate of diseases in population was estimated using the number of patients (per 100,000 people) registered in medical organizations. The following indicators of population health were calculated: population health index, demographic ageing index, coefficient of sexual life-span dimorphism. The method of correlation analysis was used to investigate the relationship between the incidence of socially significant diseases and indicators of population health, demographic, socio-economic, environmental and behavioural factors. The k-means method was used to classify the subjects of the Russian Federation according to six socially significant diseases. Results and discussion. The connection between the incidence of cancer and demographic ageing index, sexual life-span dimorphism, quality of life and environmental pollution is shown. The incidence of alcoholism and alcoholic psychoses reduces population health index and is associated with the demographic ageing index, sexual life-span dimorphism, the ratio of marriages and divorces, and consumption of strong alcohol drinks. The incidence of narcomania is positively related to the urban population, income level, beer consumption and environmental pollution. The incidence of toxicomania is associated with sexual life-span dimorphism, the size of the urban population and strong alcoholic drinks consumption. The relationship between the incidence of mental and behavioural disorders, as well as syphilis and most of the studied factors, were not identified. Conclusion. Demographic, socio-economic, environmental and behavioural factors have the most significant effect on the interregional variability of the number of patients with cancer, alcoholism and alcoholic psychoses and narcomania.
cancer; mental and behavioural disorders; alcoholism and alcohol psychoses; narcomania; toxicomania; syphilis; environmental factors
Цит.: Budilova E.V., Lagutin M.B. Socially significant diseases of the Russian population and environmental factors (84 regions of the Russian Federation for 2014–2016) // Moscow University Anthropology Bulletin (Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seria XXIII. Antropologia), 2019; 4/2019; с. 87-104Download text