Moscow University

Overweight and obesity in children 7-17 years old in Northwestern Russia and the Cis-Urals

Lir D.N. (1), Kozlov A.I. (2, 3), Vershubsky G.G. (2, 3), Permiakova E.Yu. (2), Otavina M.L. (4)

1) Perm’ State Medical University, Kuybysheva st., 39, Perm’, Perm’ region, 614000, Russia; 2) Lomonosov Moscow State University, Anuchin Institute and Museum of Anthropology, Mokhovaya st., 11, Moscow, 125009, Russia; 3) Age Physiology Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Pogodinskaya st., 8/2, Moscow, 119121, Moscow, Russia; 4) Perm’ State Human-Pedagogical University, Pushkina st., 42, Perm’, Perm’ region, 614045, Russia

Lir Daria N., PhD,; Kozlov Andrey I., D.Sc.,; Vershubsky Galina G.,; Permiakova Ekaterina Yu., PhD.,; Otavina Marina L., PhD.,


Introduction. The aim of the paper is to analyze data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the school-age children of the Cis-Urals area and the Northwestern part of European Russia. Materials and methods. Subjects with abnormal weight for height were identified by body mass index (BMI) according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). The data on 5321 children aged 7-17 were collected in urban and rural schools of the Komi Republic, Perm Krai (including the Komi-Permyak Okrug), Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions in 2008-2018. To trace the change over time, we drew on the data obtained in 1994-2005 in the same localities (n=2365). Results. There was no a significant difference found in the percentage of children having above the recommended body weight between the rural and urban groups. The percentage of children with below then recommended BMI among those examined in 2008-2018 was 1-3% The major part of abnormal BMI values signified overweight and obesity. In 1994-2005 such deviations accounted up to 4-9%, while in 2008-2018 the percentage rose to 12.9-26.1%. The differences in BMI between the time periods are significant within residences (p<0,01). Conclusion. The juvenile population of the Russian North-West and Cis-Urals exhibits a high prevalence of overweight and obesity (according to WHO criteria). The percentage of children with excessive weight for height indicators is growing both in rural and urban areas. The changes accelerated noticeably in the second decade of the 21st century. Taking into account the rapid change, a comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in populations of Russian regions would only be correct, if the data represented close chronological periods.


anthropology; auxology; body mass index; schoolchildren; rural; urban

DOI: 10.32521/2074-8132.2018.3.055-060

Цит.: Lir D.N., Kozlov A.I., Vershubsky G.G., Permiakova E.Yu., Otavina M.L. Overweight and obesity in children 7-17 years old in Northwestern Russia and the Cis-Urals // Moscow University Anthropology Bulletin (Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seria XXIII. Antropologia), 2018; 3/2018; с. 55-60

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